‘Urology’ is the surgical speciality that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. It is the study of the causes and treatment of diseases of the urinary system.
Laparoscopy is a procedure to look inside your abdomen by using a laparoscope. A laparoscope is like a thin telescope with a light source. It is used to light up and magnify the structures inside the abdomen. A laparoscope is passed into the abdomen through a small incision (cut) in the skin.
In addition to simply looking inside, a doctor can use fine instruments which are also passed into the abdomen through another small incision in the skin These instruments are used to cut, trim, biopsy, grab, etc, inside the abdomen.